Education Portal – Preservation Basics
Use these resources to gain an understanding of historic preservation as it is defined and practiced in various countries around the world. Reading these materials can give you an appreciation for the issues dealt with at each AiP project and allow you to broaden your hands-on experience. The education gained from these materials may prove beneficial in completing an internship or preparing you for work in the field of building conservation.
A link is provided for all documents available online. If no link is shown, check with your local library or bookstore to reserve or order for purchase. When purchasing through AmazonSmile using Adventures in Preservation’s name, a percentage of your purchase is donated to AiP programs.
- “AIC Definitions of conservation terminology.” In: Newsletter of the Western Association for Art Conservation, 18 (2), 1996.
- “AIC Definitions of conservation terminology.” In: Abbey Newsletter, 20 (4-5), 1996.
- Jonathan Ashley-Smith, Definitions of Damage. Text of a talk given in the session “When conservator and collections meet” at the Annual Meeting of the Associaton of Art Historians, London, April 7-8, 1995. Not published in print media.
International Charters and Conventions
Introduction to the Charters
- Michael Petzet, “Principles of Preservation. An Introduction to the International Charters for Conservation and Restoration 40 Years after the Venice Charter.” In: International Charters for conservation and restoration / Chartres internationales sur la conservation et la restauration / Cartas internacionales sobre la conservación y la restauración. Edited by Michael Petzet, John Ziesemer. München: ICOMOS 2004 (Monuments and Sites / Monuments et Sites / Monumentos y Sitios. I), pages 7-29.
Complete list of ICOMOS Charters and Texts
- Since 1931, ICOMOS, the International Council on Monuments and Sites, has adopted and ratified various international charters and standards for restoration, conservation, and cultural heritage preservation. All published texts are accessible online in full length.
Selected Charters and Declarations
- The Athens Charter for the Restoration of Historic Monuments (1931). Adopted at the First International Congress of Architects and Technicians of Historic Monuments, Athens 1931.
- Carta Italiana del Restauro (1932). Norme per il restauro dei monumenti. Consiglio Superiore per le antichità e belle arti.
- The Venice Charter: International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites (1964). Adopted by ICOMOS in 1965.
- Carta Italiana del Restauro (1972). Ministero della Pubblica Istruzione.
- Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (1972). Published in: International Charters for conservation and restoration / Chartres internationales sur la conservation et la restauration / Cartas internacionales sobre la conservación y la restauración. Edited by Michael Petzet, John Ziesemer. München: ICOMOS 2004 (Monuments and Sites / Monuments et Sites / Monumentos y Sitios. I), pages 43-61.
- European Charter of the Architectural Heritage (1975). Adopted by the Council of Europe, October 1975.
- The Burra Charter. The Australia ICOMOS Charter for the Conservation of Places of Significance (1979, revised 1999).
- Historic Gardens – The Florence Charter (1981). Adopted by ICOMOS in December 1982.
- Charter for the Conservation of Historic Towns and Urban Areas – Washington Charter (1987). Adopted by ICOMOS General Assembly in Washington, DC, October 1987.
- Charter for the Protection and Management of the Archaeological Heritage (1990). Approved by ICOMOS General Assembly in Lausanne in 1990.
- Guidelines on Education and Training in the Conservation of Monuments, Ensembles, and Sites (1993).
- The Nara Document on Authenticity (1994).
- Charter on the Protection and Management of Underwater Cultural Heritage (1996). Ratified by ICOMOS General Assembly in Sofia, Bulgaria, October 1996.
- Principles for the Recording of Monuments, Groups of Buildings and Sites (1996). Ratified by ICOMOS General Assembly in Sofia, Bulgaria, October 1996.
- International Cultural Tourism Charter. Managing Tourism at Places of Heritage Significance (1999). Adopted by ICOMOS General Assembly in Mexico, October 1999.
- Charter on the Built Vernacular Heritage (1999). Ratified by ICOMOS General Assembly in Mexico, October 1999.
- Principles for the Preservation of Historic Timber Structures (1999). Adopted by ICOMOS General Assembly in Mexico, October 1999.
- Carta di Cracovia 2000. ICC Krakow 2000.
- Principles for the Preservation and Conservation-Restoration of Wall Paintings (2003). Ratified by ICOMOS General Assembly in Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, in 2003.
- ICOMOS Charter – Principles for the Analysis, Conservation and Structural Restoration of Architectural Heritage (2003). Ratified by ICOMOS General Assembly in Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe, in 2003.
- The ICOMOS Charter for the Interpretation and Presentation of Cultural Heritage Sites (2008). Ratified by ICOMOS General Assembly in Québec, Canada, October 2008.
- The Valletta Principles for the Safeguarding and Management of Historic Cities, Towns and Urban Areas (2011). Adopted by ICOMOS General Assembly in Paris, France, November 2011.
US Federal Laws and Regulations
- Archeological and Historic Preservation Act, June 27, 1960.
- National Historic Preservation Act, October 15, 1966.
- Archaeological Resources Protection Act, October 31, 1979.
- archeology laws, a guide for professionals. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
- Laws, Executive Orders & Regulations. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
- Kay D. Weeks, Anne E. Grimmer, The Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties with Guidelines for Preserving, Rehabilitating, Restoring & Reconstructing Historic Buildings. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Heritage Preservation Services, Washington, DC, 1995.
- Anne E. Grimmer, Jo Ellen Hensley, Liz Petrella, Audrey T. Tepper, The Secretary of the Interior’s Standards & Illustrated Guidelines on Sustainability for Rehabilitating Historic buildings. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Services, Technical Preservation Service, Washington, DC, 2011.
Methodology of Cultural Heritage Preservation
- Erica Avvamia, Randall Mason, Marta de la Torre, Values and Heritage Conservation. Research Report. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute 2000.
- Kate Clark, “From regulation to participation: cultural heritage, sustainable development and citizenship.” In: Forward Planning: The Functions of Cultural Heritage in a changing Europe. Experts’ contributions. Edited by the European Council, Cultural Heritage Committee, 2001, p. 103-111.
- Salvador Muños Viñas, Contemporary Theory of Conservation, London, New York: Routledge 2005.